Questions to Ask for Effective Foot Pain Treatment

Foot pain can be a real bummer. It can make even the most routine activities difficult, if not impossible.

The good news is that there are things you can do at home to help relieve your foot pain. These include resting the feet, using ice to reduce swelling, elevating the feet, and taking over-the-counter pain medication.

What is the Cause of My Foot Pain?

Foot pain can occur all over the bottom of the feet (plantar surfaces) or in the arch, ball and toes. There are many possible causes of foot pain, including injury, a medical condition, poor footwear or normal wear and tear.

Your healthcare provider will ask you questions about your symptoms and health history, then do a physical exam. They may order X-rays or an MRI to find out what is causing your foot pain and provide effective foot pain treatment in Canberra.

For example, a bone bruise (contusion) from stepping on a hard object can damage the fat padding under your heel. This results in pain when you walk or stand for long periods of time. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain, which affects the tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot and supports your arch. This condition often gets worse when you start a new activity or get up after sitting or sleeping for long periods of time.

Other conditions that can cause foot pain include tarsal tunnel syndrome, which causes pain in the front of your arch, and arthritis such as reactive arthritis or psoriatic arthritis. These conditions cause inflammation of the joints in your feet and can also irritate the skin around them. These conditions usually improve with lifestyle changes and treatment, but some may require a prescription drug such as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.

Do I Need to See a Doctor?

Foot injuries can cause significant pain and limit mobility. If at-home treatments like resting, icing the affected foot, using a support brace and over-the-counter pain relievers don’t reduce or eliminate your pain, it’s time to see a foot and ankle specialist.

It’s especially important to visit a foot doctor when you’re experiencing severe pain, unable to put weight on your foot or ankle, or have an open wound in your foot that won’t heal. It’s also wise to visit a foot specialist if you have tingling, burning or numbness in your feet because these may be symptoms of nerve damage (called neuropathy) that will not respond to at-home treatment.

If your foot pain is due to an overuse injury or a chronic medical condition, conservative treatment modalities like stretching and arch supports may help you manage your foot pain without surgery. However, if the pain persists and limits your daily activities, surgery may be an option.

In some cases, a surgery can restore more normal foot movement by removing or repairing the damaged tissue. This can be done in a minimally invasive outpatient procedure, depending on the type of surgery required. Ask your foot and ankle specialist about a follow-up schedule so they can monitor your recovery to make sure your pain is controlled. This can include a physical exam and an evaluation of your current treatment plan.

What Can I Do at Home to Help My Foot Pain?

Whether you are experiencing foot pain from overuse or an injury, there are many things you can do at home to help with your discomfort. The first step is resting the foot if possible. This is one of the most important things you can do to relieve your pain and allow the injured tissue to heal.

You can use ice packs or cold compresses on the area that is inflamed or swollen. However, do not apply the ice directly to your skin. Instead, wrap ice in a towel and hold it on the foot for 20 minutes at a time. This helps to decrease swelling in the feet which will help with your pain.

Stretching the muscles of the foot and ankle can also be helpful in reducing pain from overuse or over-stressing. This can include calf and heel stretches, toe spreads, and towel scrunching. You can also do balance exercises to improve the strength of your feet and ankles.

Some people may need to take over-the-counter pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen to help with their foot or ankle pain. However, anyone who continues to experience pain after attempting these at-home treatments should consult with their doctor for further treatment options. This could include additional home care, prescription medications, or a minor surgical procedure. Pain that does not improve with self-care may be a sign of a serious problem in your foot or ankle.

How Long Will It Take to See a Doctor?

Many foot problems can be treated with rest, ice and at-home care. However, if you have pain or swelling that does not go away with these measures, it is important to see a healthcare provider such as Capital Podiatry ( They will help you find treatments to relieve your foot pain and improve your quality of life.

Your doctor may use a physical exam and X-rays to find the cause of your foot pain. They will also ask you about your symptoms and how the foot pain affects your daily activities. They may suggest a variety of treatments, including physical therapy, over-the-counter pain relievers and injections.

For example, if you have pain in the ball of your foot (metatarsalgia), your doctor may recommend using shoe inserts to ease pressure on this area. You may also benefit from icing the area as often as possible and using an over-the-counter foot massager. Injections can relieve a variety of conditions, such as metatarsalgia or tarsal tunnel syndrome. They may also inject steroids to reduce inflammation or shock wave therapy.

Over-the-counter NSAIDs, like acetaminophen and ibuprofen, can help with pain and inflammation. If these do not work, your doctor may prescribe a COX-2 inhibitor, such as celecoxib (Celebrex), which can relieve pain and inflammation and may lower your risk of gastric ulcers or bleeding. These medications can be taken long-term, but you should consult your healthcare provider to determine the right dose for you.

Finding a Dentist Who Puts Patients First

Running a dental practice requires patient satisfaction. When patients are happy, they will return and refer friends.

Offering flexible appointment capabilities is another great way to put patients first. Local physicians are also a fantastic source of referrals, as they often see patients with limited insurance coverage who need help.

1. Excellent Communication

Patient-centred care is a key principle of healthcare, but it’s not possible without good communication. During appointments, patients need to be able to express themselves freely and ask questions without feeling intimidated or embarrassed. Moreover, they need to trust their dentists and feel comfortable enough to discuss sensitive topics, such as oral health problems.

Studies have shown that the quality of dentists’ bedside manner is important in shaping patients’ perceptions of their treatment. A gruff, unfriendly demeanor can leave a bad impression and prevent patients from coming back for future appointments.

In addition to a friendly, welcoming attitude, dentists should use simple language and demonstrate empathy when communicating with patients. For example, they should avoid asking leading questions (e.g., ‘Do you floss and brush twice daily?’) and compound questions, which are confusing for patients (e.g., ‘Are you experiencing any of the following symptoms?’).

Some studies have found that patients’ level of trust in their dentists and the amount of information they receive about their dental health are related to their feelings of shame or anxiety. However, social class has been found to moderate the relationship between these variables. For example, members of the professional/managerial classes may be more likely to assimilate and use dentists’ health information than members of the manual classes.

2. Compassionate Care

A compassionate dentist in Balwyn understands that the patient experience is more than a trip to the chair. It’s about establishing trust and a solid relationship, particularly since dental treatments are not exactly pleasant for most people.

A lot of what constitutes compassionate care can be as simple as sharing a real-life anecdote or offering a genuine compliment. It also involves actively listening to a patient’s concerns and anxieties. This allows the dentist to better elicit the information needed for an accurate diagnosis and more effective treatment.

They will respects a patient’s time and avoids making them wait longer than necessary. Patients are busy, and when a practice routinely runs behind schedule, it sends a message that they don’t value the patient. In addition, they will also offers to follow up with patients after their appointment. This lets them know that they’re not simply a number and that the dentist is always thinking of them. It’s a small gesture that makes a big difference to most patients. They’re more likely to come back and to refer their friends and family.

3. Compassionate Staff

When people talk about their healthcare providers, they often mention the doctor’s or therapist’s bedside manner. A gruff and unfriendly demeanor can turn a routine appointment into a stressful experience. Fortunately, patients can choose to visit dental offices with friendly and caring staff members.

Putting patients first requires that dentist in Deepdene and their teams take the time to make each patient feel comfortable. This includes minimizing distractions by shutting off electronic devices and asking patients to put their music on mute. It also means being an active listener and not making judgments about what is being said. Paraphrasing and asking clarifying questions are helpful tools in this regard.

Another way to show your patients that you care is by hosting continuing education and lunch-and-learn sessions on a range of dental topics, including treatment planning. Deutsch says that this approach helps patients achieve their desired restorations more quickly and reduces the amount of laboratory time needed to complete cases. And, she says that going above and beyond for a difficult or challenging patient often prompts them to say they would never use a different laboratory again.

4. Flexible Financing

Most dental procedures come with a price tag that can seem unaffordable to patients without insurance or with limited coverage. As a result, they may delay or decline necessary treatment out of fear of the cost. Thankfully, many dentists who put their patients first offer flexible payment plans to help them afford their care.

Some practices allow patients to make payments over time with a healthcare credit card, which essentially functions as a regular credit card but allows you to pay for medical expenses. These cards typically have high interest rates, so it is important to use them sparingly.

Others have their own in-house financing options that can be more affordable, especially for those with good credit. Upgrade, for example, offers a personal loan for dental expenses that starts at $1,000 with low interest rates and a no prepayment penalty.

Some patients may also be able to use their FSA (flexible spending account) allowance, which is money set aside from each paycheck before taxes to pay for health-related expenses. Be sure to ask about this option when searching for a dentist.

5. Excellent Patient Reviews

The quality of a dental practice’s reviews has never been more important to patients than it is today. Increasingly, consumers rely on the online opinions of other patients to help them make their decisions about businesses.

This is especially true in healthcare, where patient reviews can significantly influence a person’s decision to see a new dentist. As a result, it’s important for dentists to focus on creating positive experiences for their patients and to encourage them to share their experiences on social media and review websites.

It’s also important to remember that today’s patients are busy, and they want to be able to schedule appointments quickly. This means that dental practices need to be able to offer same-day and next-day appointment availability for new and existing patients. Additionally, many patients appreciate dentists who offer weekend hours and the option to request an appointment online. These small touches are essential to ensuring that patients feel a sense of urgency when booking an appointment. Moreover, they help a dentist stand out from competitors who may be slow to respond or only offer limited scheduling options.

Enhancing Independence: The Impact of NDIS Exercise Physiologists in Collaroy

In Collaroy and beyond, NDIS exercise physiologists are witnessing a surge in demand, indicative of their indispensable role in enhancing participant well-being. These professionals go beyond conventional fitness regimes, crafting tailored programs that not only bolster physical health but also empower individuals with essential self-care knowledge. By addressing specific health concerns and tailoring programs to individual needs, they enable participants to achieve daily living goals, enhance mobility, and maintain emotional well-being.

Despite their pivotal role, there remains a need for a broader understanding among NDIS planners and coordinators of the profound benefits these allied health professionals offer. Through collaboration and education, we can ensure that every individual receives the support they need to thrive within the NDIS framework. In this article, we delve into the multifaceted contributions of NDIS exercise physiologists in Collaroy, shedding light on their role in fostering independence, strengthening social bonds, and improving the overall quality of life for NDIS participants.

Improved Daily Living

Exercise Physiologists can help NDIS participants achieve their everyday living goals by developing tailored programs. Whether these goals are to boost mobility, improve balance and strength, or reduce spasticity, exercise physiology can significantly improve quality of life. In addition to helping NDIS participants enhance daily activities, exercise physiology has been shown to improve overall mental health and emotional well-being. Regular physical activity releases endorphins, natural mood elevators, and fosters feelings of self-esteem and accomplishment as participants observe their own progress.

As such, collaborating with an Accredited Exercise Physiologist (AEP) can be highly beneficial as part of a person-centered plan. AEPs are four-year university degree-qualified allied health professionals who design and deliver prescription exercise for individuals with or at risk of chronic disease, injury, or disability. Currently, AEPs are supported by Australia’s Medicare and DVA compensable schemes, as well as private health insurance providers.

Those with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are encouraged to talk to their NDIS planner or local coordinator (LAC) to determine if their plan includes access to an AEP and if it is funded under the ‘Improved Daily Living’ or ‘Capacity Building – Improved Health and Wellbeing’ support categories. Royal Rehab LifeWorks at Sargood has a team of dedicated NDIS exercise physiologist in Collaroy who can offer a range of rehabilitation services, including individual and group exercise therapy sessions and clinical nurse consultations.

Mobility Maintenance

Having the support of an exercise physiologist ensures that participants maintain their physical fitness levels and continue to make progress toward their goals. It is an important aspect of a holistic care approach, providing a positive impact on a participant’s quality of life.

Regular physical activity releases endorphins, which act as natural mood elevators to reduce stress, anxiety, and symptoms of depression. It also provides a sense of accomplishment and self-confidence as individuals witness their ongoing improvements. In addition, participating in group exercise programs promotes social interaction and combats feelings of isolation and loneliness.

The services offered by exercise physiologists are aligned with NDIS participant’s goals and foster significant advancements in physical health, wellbeing, and independence. This relevant NDIS support enables participants to meet their personal goals and is critical for the long-term health of a participant’s body.

Many people confuse exercise physiologists with personal trainers, but there are key differences between the two professions. While fitness professionals are skilled in delivering fitness programs, exercise physiologists are trained to recognise and address specific health concerns, such as joint problems and low muscle tone.

ESSA has suggested that the NDIA employ an exercise physiology advisor to educate planners and LACs on the range of therapies and support options available for NDIS participants. This would facilitate a better understanding of this highly relevant allied health service and improve outcomes for NDIS participants by enabling them to identify the most appropriate support for their individual needs.

Strength Building

Exercise Physiologists help participants build strength through personalised programs, allowing them to perform daily tasks with greater ease and independence. They also increase their overall physical fitness, helping them feel better and boost their self-confidence. In addition, the positive mood-elevating effects of exercise promote emotional well-being among participants, combating feelings of loneliness and isolation.

The Improved Health and Wellbeing category of the NDIS includes funding for the services of an Accredited Exercise Physiologist. ESSA recommends that NDIS planners and LACs consider educating themselves on the role, scope of practice, and benefits of AEPs to ensure that participants are receiving the right support.

AEPs are allied health professionals with university degrees, extensive training, and broad skills, and are not to be confused with personal trainers. However, many NDIS participants are under the impression that personal trainers can provide similar services to those offered by AEPs. This can be to the detriment of participants’ functional capacity outcomes as personal trainers do not have the requisite qualifications, skills, or knowledge to determine the allied health needs of a participant.

Allied health professionals, including AEPs, are regulated by the NDIS and must adhere to strict ethical practices and professional standards. Nevertheless, NDIS planners and LACs frequently make decisions that are at odds with the recommendations of qualified allied health professionals in progress reports. It is essential that NDIS planners and LACs receive ongoing education on the role of allied health practitioners, including AEPs, to enhance their ability to deliver high-quality allied health services.

Social Participation

Exercise physiologists provide a crucial social role for people with disabilities. They help them reach their goals in areas such as boosting mental health, improving cognition and memory, and reducing the impact of physical impairments. They also assist with strengthening muscles, enhancing balance, and preventing falls. Their personalised fitness programs are designed to meet each person’s individual needs, age, and level of mobility.

The NDIS imposes accountability and quality standards on providers of disability support services. However, there is no similar requirement for planners whose funding decisions have significant impacts on the lives of NDIS participants. ESSA advocates for NDIA accountability to be extended to planners, which would ensure that their decisions are informed by the expert advice of allied health professionals.

In addition, there are numerous research studies that demonstrate the positive impact of social connection and support on exercise experience and adherence. This is largely due to the rewarding and buffering effects of social presence on the physiological and psychological homeostatic self-regulation mechanisms in exercise.

Ultimately, a lack of understanding by NDIS planners and LACs about the role, scope, and value of allied health supports and the NDIS participant experience is an important contributing factor to poor planning decision-making. ESSA is available to work with NDIA on a program that will educate planners and LACs about the evidence-based benefits of exercise for disability, the role of an exercise physiologist, and its value in their participants’ NDIS plan.

The indispensable role of NDIS exercise physiologists in Collaroy and beyond is evident in their multifaceted contributions to participant well-being. From improving daily living and mobility maintenance to strength building and facilitating social participation, these allied health professionals play a crucial role in enhancing the quality of life for NDIS participants. However, there remains a pressing need for a broader understanding among NDIS planners and coordinators of their profound benefits. Collaborative efforts and education are essential to ensure that every individual receives the support they need to thrive within the NDIS framework.

The Impact of Untreated Hearing Loss on Quality of Life

The loss of hearing can limit your independence. It can be difficult to follow conversations, hear the alarm clock or a doorbell, or even drive safely.

People who don’t treat their hearing loss spend significantly more on health care costs over a 10-year period, according to a study by John Hopkins researchers. This is because the brain uses a significant amount of energy to understand degraded sound signals.

1. Depression and Anxiety

As hearing loss progresses, it can become more difficult to understand the sounds around you. This can lead to frustration and withdrawal from social interactions. It can also be hard to keep up with conversations in larger group settings, such as dinner parties or family gatherings.

Depression and anxiety can result from the inability to communicate clearly, especially in stressful situations. Several studies have shown that untreated hearing loss can increase your risk of mental health issues.

In one study, researchers found that a person with hearing loss is twice as likely to suffer from depression and five times more likely to experience a major depressive episode compared to someone who doesn’t have hearing loss. Additionally, a person who has both depression and hearing loss is more likely to have poorer quality of life than someone who doesn’t have any depression or anxiety symptoms.

2. Social Isolation

Many people who experience hearing loss struggle to maintain their social connections, often unaware that simple solutions like ear wax removal in Bundoora could significantly improve their quality of life. Even a normal life change, such as retirement, can make it difficult to interact with others regularly. Other factors can contribute to isolation, including a loved one’s death, illness that limits a person’s mobility, and financial constraints. Isolation can also be a result of trauma and may be a reaction to events such as divorce or losing a job.

Loneliness and social isolation are often used interchangeably, but the two are different. Essentially, loneliness is the feeling of being alone while social isolation refers to objective characteristics such as lack of meaningful social relationships and participation in social activities.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need for physical distancing due to virus mitigation efforts left many people of all ages feeling isolated. This can be a normal response to a stressful event, but in some cases it can lead to depression and isolation. This is particularly true for marginalized groups such as immigrants, LGBTQIA individuals, and those who live with language barriers. These individuals may feel resentment toward the safety measures they are required to follow and are often frustrated with their inability to communicate with those around them.

3. Personal Safety

Keeping up with conversations and following the actions of people around you can be difficult when you have significant hearing loss, but with the right hearing aids Doncaster, you can regain clarity and reconnect with the world. If you’re unable to communicate clearly, it can lead to a sense of isolation and withdrawal from social activities. As a result, your quality of life can significantly decline due to not being able to enjoy the joys of everyday living

Similarly, our auditory system plays a significant role in cognitive processes and untreated hearing loss can accelerate cognitive decline and increase the risk of developing dementia. Leaving this issue untreated can significantly affect your mental and physical health, as well as the wellbeing of those close to you.

A recent study by lab used de-identified health care claims data to examine the impact of hearing loss on overall health and well-being, comparing individuals who treated their hearing loss with those who did not seek treatment. The findings demonstrated that those with mild hearing loss experienced a significant reduction in their risk of depression, anxiety and falls. In addition, those who treated their hearing loss incurred substantially lower health care costs and saved 2.5 healthy years of life compared to those who did not treat their hearing loss.

4. Cognitive Decline

If you’re caring for a loved one who is experiencing cognitive decline, it’s important to make time for your own mental health needs, including seeking support from professionals. It can be stressful, and even dangerous to neglect your own physical and emotional well-being while you focus on the needs of someone else. Make sure to prioritize exercise, healthy eating and supportive social relationships for yourself while you are able to do so

While some cognitive changes are a normal part of aging, significant losses can indicate other health issues such as dementia or another condition. If you notice a change in your thinking ability, speak to Melbourne Audiology Centre immediately.

Those who don’t treat their hearing loss incur significantly higher total health care costs over a 10-year period than those who do, according to research led by the Mt. Sinai Bloomberg School of Public Health. This was true despite variations in patient samples, assessments methods and other factors. The exact reason behind the findings is unknown, but researchers suspect that hearing loss may have a direct impact on health care utilization and outcomes. If you are experiencing hearing loss, there are qualified audiologist Brunswick who can help diagnose the cause and recommend treatment options.

5. Independence

Whether socializing with family or colleagues, working in the office, or simply going about your daily tasks, untreated hearing loss can make it challenging to stay connected. Vital auditory cues like tone and inflection are missed, resulting in misunderstandings or strained interactions. Similarly, when it comes to safety, the inability to hear important auditory warnings like sirens or alarms increases your risk of accidents and injuries.

The impact of untreated hearing loss is significant and can be measured in DALYs—the number of healthy years lost to a particular disease or condition. These DALYs are used to calculate quality of life utility and can help health systems and insurers prioritize interventions that prevent unnecessary use of healthcare resources.

Footwear Advice From Podiatrists – Choosing the Right Shoes for Healthy Feet

A good shoe should flex where your toes bend naturally and be snug when you try them on in the morning. Throughout the day, feet tend to slightly swell and shoes that are too small can cause discomfort.

1. Choose shoes that are made of a breathable material

Regardless of your age or activity level, it is important to prioritize footwear that provides proper arch support and shock absorption. This helps prevent a wide range of issues, including foot pain, blisters, and musculoskeletal problems like hammertoe.

It is also a good idea to buy shoes that are made of a breathable material to help prevent excessive sweating and odor. This will keep your feet cool, dry and comfortable throughout the day. It is also important to regularly assess and replace your shoes when they become worn out or no longer provide adequate support.

When buying shoes, it is always best to get the right size. You should be able to wiggle your toes when wearing them. If you can’t, then the shoe is too small and may cause blisters or other foot problems over time. It is also a good idea to avoid shoes that are pointed or have high heels, as these can exacerbate foot problems such as bunions and hammertoes. If you are unsure about what shoes are the best for your feet, talk to podiatrist based in Maroochydoret. They will be able to recommend the perfect pair of shoes to fit your needs. A podiatrist Buderim can also offer recommendations on how to properly care for your shoes to ensure they last longer and remain in good condition.

2. Choose a shoe with a built-in arch

Shoes are more than a fashion statement, they are also critical to your foot health. Foot conditions like flat feet, high arches, bunions and plantar fasciitis can all be avoided or managed by choosing the proper footwear for your unique foot type and condition.

When choosing shoes, it’s important to find a pair that have a built-in arch to support your foot and avoid common foot problems. For instance, wearing shoes that don’t fit properly can cause your foot to overpronate, which can lead to knee and hip pain, as well as shin splints and blisters. Shoes that are too tight can squeeze your toes, which can cause hammertoes and bunions. Shoes that don’t have enough cushioning or arch support can leave your feet tired and sore after a long day of walking or running.

The best way to determine what kind of shoe you need is to have your foot measured at a professional shoe store. It’s important to get remeasured at least once a year because your foot size and shape changes over time. Once you know what kind of shoe you need, it’s easy to choose a pair that offers the right amount of support and stability for your feet.

3. Wear sneakers for walking and running

If you walk a lot (or stand for long periods of time), you need shoes that support your feet and cushion your steps. This can help decrease foot fatigue, soreness, and pain, and slow down the deterioration of the fat pad on the bottom of your feet.

Sneakers that are designed for walking have a stable arch, good shock absorption, and a wide, flexible sole. Walking shoes should also be lightweight and durable. According to both Criscione and Lobkova, New Balance is a shoe brand that tends to offer the most versatility in meeting all of these needs. The 990v6 model is a favorite, with both podiatrists noting that it offers just the right amount of support without being too rigid or creating weakness in the foot and ankle.

Running shoes are typically designed for heel-toe joggers and runners, with the majority of models grouped into “neutral,” ‘overpronation’, or ‘underpronation’ categories. However, both podiatrists agree that the most important feature is to find a shoe that fits well, feels comfortable, and supports your specific foot type and movement patterns.

If you are a beginner runner, it is recommended to start with a neutral shoe. You can gradually build up your mileage and switch to a more supportive running shoe as needed.

4. Look for shoes that can be removed for orthotics

For people who spend their days standing, it is important that they choose footwear that provides adequate cushioning and support. Proper footwear can prevent foot conditions such as bunions, corns and hammertoes from developing, as well as lower the chances of pain in other parts of the body, like the back or shoulders.

When choosing shoes for standing, look for a shoe that has adequate arch support and a wide toe box. This will ensure that your toes are able to spread naturally, which can help prevent blisters and other podiatric issues. It is also a good idea to find shoes that have shock-absorbing materials, as these can reduce the amount of stress that is placed on your feet and ankles while you are standing.

If you have been prescribed orthotics, it is a good idea to make sure that your shoes can accommodate them. Look for shoes that have a removable liner, so that you can add your custom orthotics and still have a secure fit. Some brands that offer shoe models that are orthotic friendly include Vivaia, Vionic and Naturalizer.

It is also a good idea to get your shoes professionally measured every time you purchase them. This is because your feet can change in size throughout the day and it is important to have a shoe that fits properly. Getting your shoes professionally fitted can help to prevent foot pain and other health problems.


Neurosensory Challenges: Insights and Solutions for Sydney Communities

ADHD Sydney

When kids have outbursts, it’s often because their brain has trouble processing the information that comes in through their senses. That includes the five traditional senses (taste, smell, touch, sight) and three other sensory inputs, like body and space awareness and movement.

Although guidelines and policies recommend sensory approaches in psychiatric units, little is known about their use or what demographic and clinical factors influence it. This study aims to fill this gap.

What is Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)?

For many people with SPD, outside stimuli feel like an assault of competing sights, sounds, and touch. This happens because the nervous system isn’t efficient, causing the brain to misinterpret input. This misinterpretation can be a result of overstimulation or understimulation. People with SPD can also experience difficulties with sensory discrimination, meaning that they don’t know what sort of sensation they are experiencing or how intense it is. For example, if they stub their toe their brain may not send the correct messages about it to their body (or it might send a bigger message than is actually occurring).

There are numerous factors that contribute to Sensory Processing Challenges and SPD, but it is important to remember that every case is different. Understanding these factors can be crucial to developing a tailored approach that will maximise your loved one’s wellbeing.

A range of research-based theories aim to explain the underlying causes of Sensory Processing Challenges and SPD. These include cognitive, genetic, birth complications, environmental and neurodevelopmental variations. It is essential to keep up-to-date on the latest research into this field so that you can continue to explore the wide spectrum of therapy options, interventions and support services available for you and your loved ones. Staying informed can help you make the most of the growing pool of professional knowledge and peer support in Australia.

What is the Significance of Sensory Processing Disorder?

Children and adults with SPD need help interpreting the sensory messages they receive from their bodies and environment. When these messages aren’t processed correctly, they may have a negative impact on life functioning. This can include motor skills (such as using scissors and catching a ball), social behaviour, self-regulation and emotional wellbeing.

In addition to affecting fine and gross motor skills, sensory processing disorders can also lead to difficulty with eating, sleep and attention. They can cause a high level of discomfort, fatigue and frustration for many people who experience them. These symptoms can interfere with school, work and play, leading to isolation and a lack of independence and confidence.

The symptoms of sensory disorders can range from mild to severe, depending on the child or adult’s unique response to stimulation and the extent to which their brain cannot regulate this reaction. It is important to note that some people do not develop sensory symptoms at all. Instead, they adopt coping strategies that mask or minimize their sensory issues.

These include finding a “sensory diet” of activities that expose them to a wide variety of sensations, such as being tossed in the air and jumping on furniture. They can also use listening therapy (LT), in which they listen to a range of frequencies and patterns in order to stimulate the senses.

What are the Insights and Solutions for Sydney Communities?

A number of initiatives are underway to understand the impact of neurosensory Sydney challenges. For example, WSU research colleague and NAB interview guest Neil Perry is exploring the impact on areas that are experiencing longer-term economic disruption. He’s working with communities in both the Hunter and Lithgow regions to help them deal with the loss of jobs, skills and services as demand for fossil fuels declines.

Another major issue is the underfunding of community services in Western Sydney. This is partly due to the fact that it’s difficult for service providers to know where the need is greatest unless they can access detailed information about local demographics and lifestyles. The new online tool – the Community Profile Explorer – is an important first step in this direction. It allows users to define a community and generate an automated report within 10 minutes.

The next Australian Government has a huge opportunity to partner with State/Territory and community leaders and make place-based approaches central to social policy reform over the next ten years. This should involve non-partisan political and APS commitment at senior levels to make place-based initiatives a reality, with a clear process for establishing community-led decision making for integrated investment and delivery of services. This could include a mechanism for communities to be given greater discretion over their funding and to break the rules where needed to focus on a specific area’s greatest strengths and needs.

How can we Help?

Many kids have trouble handling sensory information, including those with autism spectrum disorder. They can be oversensitive (hypersensitive), which means they take in too much sensory information, or undersensitive, which is when they don’t get enough. They can also be overwhelmed by certain smells, tastes and touch. Usually, these reactions are temporary but they can get in the way of social interaction or learning. Providing tutoring for autism students can be an effective way to address their specific sensory processing challenges and support their learning and development.

It’s important to remember that neuroscience is a new and developing field. The goal of 21st-century neuroscience is to measure, understand, and describe the brain in all its complexity. That’s a huge task. To accomplish it, researchers need the same kinds of large-scale resources as are available in disciplines such as astronomy or physics. This includes coordinating large research teams, depositing data in public repositories, and sharing tools.

The work of neuroscience can be a source of fear. Some concerns stem from ethical issues, such as how future technology might be used to probe or manipulate people’s deepest thoughts. But there are also concerns about how neuroscience could be applied to social problems, such as criminal behavior or addiction.

The Lifelong Benefits of Dental Checkups

Dental checkups aren’t just for the teeth – they’re also a great way to detect and resolve oral health issues early on. This prevents them from becoming more severe and costly in the future.

They also provide expert cleanings and important education on oral hygiene practices that are tailored to your unique needs by a qualified dentist.

Prevents Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious oral health issue that can lead to tooth loss if it is not treated. Dental checkups can help prevent gum disease by removing plaque that is hiding between and under your teeth. Plaque provides harmful mouth bacteria with a staging ground to attack your teeth and gums. Over time, plaque will calcify into tartar, which is much more difficult to get rid of with brushing and flossing alone. A professional cleaning during a regular dental checkup removes tartar from your teeth, preventing gum disease and tooth decay.

During your visit, the dentist will also screen your gums for redness, swelling, or soreness. They will measure your periodontal pockets to see if you have any pockets that are deeper than normal, which is a sign of gum disease. The dentist will also examine your jaw bones and existing dental work for signs of infection, growths, or abnormalities. X-rays are often used during a dental checkup to identify issues that may not be visible to the naked eye, including cavities or damage to your jaw bone structure.

Besides being vital for your oral health, good gums have been linked to other health problems such as heart disease and diabetes. Studies have shown that people with poor oral hygiene are more likely to experience health problems such as high blood pressure, respiratory infections, and even strokes.

Prevents Tooth Decay

In addition to removing all of the bacterial plaque and tartar from your teeth, your dentist and dental hygienist at Diamond Creek dental clinic will also check for signs of tooth decay. When they detect cavities in the early stages, it’s much easier and cheaper to treat them. Small cavities can be easily repaired with a filling, but if they’re left untreated they can progress to more extensive and expensive treatments.

Another part of routine dental visits is examining your mouth for signs of gum disease or oral cancer. These are also easier to treat in the early stages, and can avoid more serious and costly complications down the road.

Regular dental visits also allow your dentist to provide education on good oral hygiene habits, such as how to properly brush and floss. They can recommend specific products and techniques tailored to your needs, so you’ll be able to achieve a healthy and beautiful smile for life.

If you’re not making dental visits a priority in your family’s health routine, it’s time to change that! Make sure you and your family get to the dentist for routine care every six months, so that you can enjoy all of the benefits that come with healthy teeth and gums. From improved self-esteem to better overall health, it’s essential that everyone makes their dental health a top priority!

Prevents Bad Breath

Bad breath is a common problem that can be treated and prevented long-term through regular dental cleaning procedures. During a professional cleaning, food particles are dislodged and bacteria is killed. This can significantly improve breath and prevent other oral health problems from developing.

During your checkup, the dentist will also evaluate the health of your gums and teeth for signs of cavities, gum disease, infections, and other dental issues that may be contributing to bad breath. They will also take X-rays to detect issues that are not visible to the naked eye, including impacted or decaying teeth. In addition, the dentist can detect early signs of oral cancer and recommend appropriate treatment.

Your dentist can also advise you on how to manage other causes of bad breath such as dry mouth, underlying health conditions, and medications or supplements you are taking. They can provide tips on proper brushing and flossing techniques that are tailored to your needs, as well as help you find ways to keep your saliva flowing throughout the day.

In addition to promoting good oral health, regular dental checkups can positively impact your overall wellbeing as research has linked poor gum health with heart disease, diabetes, and other serious conditions. This is why it is so important to prioritize dental appointments and get your family into the habit of going regularly from a young age.

Prevents Other Health Problems

There are a number of ways to prevent dental issues that could threaten your oral health, and a lot of these can be spotted during your dental checkups. These visits also give you the opportunity to have x-rays taken that allow dentists to look at deeper levels of your jawbone structure where cavities can hide and may not be as visible as they are on the surface of the tooth. This early detection means that any dental problems are dealt with before they have the chance to worsen and can save you from more expensive treatments down the road.

During these visits, your dentist can screen for other issues like gum disease and oral cancer that can be a sign of a serious underlying health problem. They can also screen for teeth grinding (bruxism) and recommend treatment, such as a custom mouthguard to help you break the habit.

Regular dental checkups are a vital part of oral health care for everyone, at every stage of life. They can help you avoid the most common dental problems and keep your teeth in good condition for a lifetime. By prioritizing these visits and following a strong at-home hygiene routine, you can enjoy a long, healthy, and bright smile.

Kicking the Fungus to the Curb – Effective Fungal Nail Treatment Solutions

Fungus can be tough to eradicate once it becomes established in your nails. But there are steps you can take to help prevent or treat the condition.

Soak your feet in diluted bleach, which can lighten fungus-yellowed nails and kill spores. Also, wear breathable shoes in warm environments, trim your nails regularly and sanitize clippers and pedicure tools between uses.

1. Oregano Oil

The fungus that causes nail infections can be extremely difficult to treat. This is because fungus thrives in warm, moist environments and can grow quickly. When left untreated, fungus can lead to discoloration, thickening of nails, and crumbling edges.

Oregano oil, or Origanum vulgare, has been shown to have powerful antifungal properties that can help to fight a fungal nail infection. The active compounds in oregano oil, specifically carvacrol and thymol, have been shown to inhibit the growth of several strains of fungi.

Unlike prescription antifungal medications, oregano oil can be safely used on the nails when diluted properly. However, because oregano oil is highly concentrated, it must be mixed with a carrier oil (such as olive oil or coconut oil) to achieve a safe concentration.

A suggested starting point is a dilution of 2-3 drops of oregano oil per teaspoon of carrier oil. This can be gradually increased, as long as no adverse reactions are observed. It is recommended that the diluted oregano oil be applied to the affected nails at least twice a day. Consistency is key in treating nail fungus, so it’s important to stick with the treatment for several weeks.

In addition to using oregano oil, there are a few other things that can be done to help treat and prevent a fungal nail infection. These include:

2. Lavender Oil

Lavender is a great antifungal oil for treating nail fungus. It is an effective oil for fighting fungus because it contains natural chemicals that have been shown to inhibit the growth of fungi. When applied topically to the nails, lavender oil can help kill fungus and prevent its spread. When using lavender for a fungal nail infection, be sure to use pure lavender oil that is not diluted in any way. Many commercial nail fungus treatments contain lavender oil but it is often heavily diluted so that it has no medicinal value.

Eucalyptus is another powerful essential oil that is effective for fighting toenail fungus. The antifungal properties of this oil come from its phenolic compound, cineole, which is known to destroy fungus and prevent it from spreading. Eucalyptus essential oil can be applied directly to the affected nails twice daily.

A fungal nail infection, also known as onychomycosis, can cause pain and may be embarrassing to deal with. Infections are caused by fungi that live in the environment and can get into the nail through small cracks. These fungi can lead to a variety of symptoms including brittle, ragged, discolored and thickened nails. The fungus can also spread to other parts of the body including the feet and legs. Fungal nail treatment in Perth can be effective. Make sure that you visit an expert podiatrist Perth for proper treatment.

3. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil, also known as melaleuca oil or ti tree oil, is an essential oil with antiseptic and antifungal properties. It’s extracted from the leaves of a native Australian plant, Melaleuca alternifolia. The oil has a fresh, camphoraceous odor similar to eucalyptus and is used in soaps, cosmetics, and skin care products. It’s often diluted with another carrier oil, such as coconut or olive oil, before use on the skin.

Studies have shown that the oil has antifungal properties, and it’s thought to work well when used in combination with other treatments. In addition to using a tea tree oil fungus treatment, patients should soak their feet in Listerine or vinegar every day for a minimum of 5 minutes. These natural nail fungus remedies can be effective if combined with weekly podiatry appointments where the nails can be filed down with sterile tools and where fungal spores can be scraped off the surface of the nail bed.

It is important to note that the oil must be diluted before it can be applied directly to the nail and surrounding skin. Undiluted oil can cause irritation and can also be toxic if ingested. To avoid irritation, patients should apply the oil to a cotton ball and gently dab it onto the affected nail and skin twice daily.

4. Garlic

The sulfur in garlic possesses antifungal properties that may help in eliminating nail fungus. It is thought that using this at-home remedy, along with a combination of preventive measures, will lead to healthy nails free of infection. For example, avoid wearing shoes that are soaked with water or have a fungal toenail, regularly trim and file your nails, and make sure your feet are properly moisturized.

Baking soda may also be effective in treating toenail fungus by drawing out excess moisture. A mixture of equal parts baking soda and Epsom salt can be added to a footbath and used for at least 30 minutes, twice daily. This solution is unlikely to cure the fungus but can reduce itching and odor. Likewise, a mixture of equal parts baking soda and vinegar can be used to create a paste that is applied directly on the infected nail. This solution may be painful and should be covered with a bandage for comfort.

Another natural home treatment for nail fungus is tea tree oil, which has been shown to be effective in controlling it. The melaleuca oil, found in tea trees, is a natural fungicide. Applying it directly to the affected nail with a cotton swab, twice per day, is recommended. This treatment is best combined with good foot hygiene and consistent use.

How Podiatrists Keep Your Feet Healthy and Happy

Foot health and hygiene is often ignored until something goes wrong. It’s important to regularly visit a podiatrist to avoid problems in the long run.

Keep feet healthy and happy by washing them daily, drying them thoroughly, and applying a moisturiser containing urea. Pumice stones and foot files can also be helpful in removing calluses.



A podiatrist is a foot specialist who has undergone 4 years of medical school training. This includes podiatric medicine and hospital residency. They specialize in foot and ankle injuries and conditions such as shin splints, bunions, and Achilles tendinitis.

Many people assume sore feet are just a normal part of life, but this is not true. Pain in the feet is your body’s signal that something is wrong. Whether the pain is caused by a hereditary condition, repetitive motions at work or during exercise, improper footwear or an injury, you should see a podiatrist for help.

Your podiatrist can diagnose the problem and develop a treatment plan to relieve your symptoms. During your first appointment, they will review your medical history and do a basic physical exam of your feet. They may also take X-rays or other imaging tests to get a closer look at your foot and ankle joints.

Podiatrists can recommend a wide variety of treatments, including custom orthotics to support painful or arthritic joints, lessen toe pressure, and prevent bunions. They can even suggest shoe inserts to prevent hammertoes and help you keep your shin splints at bay. A podiatrist can also recommend stretching exercises and strategies to prevent your pain from worsening while exercising. This way, you can continue to enjoy your favorite activities.

Shin Splints

Foot problems tend to get worse over time if they are left untreated. Regular visits to your podiatrist can prevent or catch foot problems before they become serious.

Shin splints are pain and tightness in the front of your lower leg, usually along the shin bone. This condition is common in runners and people who take up vigorous exercise after a long period of being sedentary. The muscles, tendons and bones are overworked and this leads to inflammation.

Treatment for shin splints includes RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation) to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Your podiatrist may recommend a program of physiotherapy, muscle stretching/strengthening, footwear advice and Custom Foot Orthotics to address the underlying cause of the symptoms and provide relief.

Other ways to care for your feet include washing them daily with warm soapy water, drying them thoroughly and especially in between the toes. Applying a good quality moisturiser, particularly one with urea is also helpful to keep skin healthy and supple. Trimming toenails straight across and not rounding the edges helps to avoid ingrown toenails. Finally, wearing shoes that fit well and not over-pronating when you walk or run can reduce the occurrence of shin splints.

High Arch

High arches, also called pes cavus, are the result of excessive flexion in the arch that causes it to rise up above the level of the rest of the foot. People with high arches don’t have the typical flat footprint when they walk, and instead put most of their weight on their heels and the balls of their feet. This can lead to a variety of problems, including poor balance and stability, supinate gait (a tendency to roll outward as you take a step), and increased risk for ankle sprains.

It is important to see a podiatrist if you have high arches and are experiencing pain. Podiatrist Brisbane North will be able to evaluate your foot and create a treatment plan that is best for you.

In some cases, the doctor will recommend physical therapy to improve foot flexibility and strength and help with balance. In other cases, custom orthotic devices will be recommended to redistribute pressure and support the arch of the foot. The podiatrist may also suggest a heel lift in certain shoes to reduce the amount of pressure placed on the ball of the foot and heel. Often, this is the only treatment required to reduce pain caused by high arches. This will help prevent future aches and pains as well as reduce the likelihood of developing hammertoes, claw toes, and other foot conditions.


Podiatrists are also trained in wound care, including treating diabetic foot problems that can lead to serious infection. They use proper techniques for assessing and treating these wounds, as well as providing the correct treatment options to promote fast healing.

A neuroma, or a thickening of the nerve tissue in the foot, is another common problem that podiatrists treat. Often found between the toes (especially between the 3rd and 4th), a neuroma causes pain, tingling or numbness in the ball of the foot. The condition is caused by compression or irritation of the small nerves that travel through the spaces between the metatarsals, long bones behind the toes. This can be exacerbated by wearing shoes with a tight toe box, participating in sports that involve repetitive stress on the foot or having certain foot deformities like bunions, hammertoes or flat feet.

The first step to managing neuroma pain is removing pressure from the area. This can be done by changing footwear, adding foam or felt inserts in shoes, using a metatarsal dome, avoiding tight shoes or high heels, doing foot and toe stretches and mobilisation or a combination of these treatments. Once the pain has settled, your podiatrist may then suggest sclerosing injections or laser therapy to shrink the neuroma. If conservative treatments don’t help, surgery may be required.

From Bunion Pain to Foot Freedom – Exploring Bunion Correction Options

Bunions can be severely painful, limiting activity and impacting self-esteem. Surgery is often the best solution for pain and to allow individuals to return to normal activities quickly.

Bunion surgery repositions the bones of your foot and corrects abnormal bone rotation, which is one of the main causes of bunion formation. To learn more about your bunion correction options, please schedule an appointment with Dr. Cowans!

Non-Surgical Options

If bunions are caught at an early stage, they may respond to nonsurgical treatment. But, as the bumps become more rigid and inflexible, these forms of care often prove less effective.

Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help reduce pain and swelling in the big toe joint. Orthotic shoe inserts, splints or protective pads are also good options that can help to keep the bunion from becoming more painful as it grows.

While it’s unclear what causes bunions to form, there are some contributing lifestyle factors that may increase your risk of developing them. These include being born with foot problems, having abnormal foot mechanics, or suffering from a foot injury or rheumatoid arthritis. It’s also believed that wearing tight-fitting shoes that put pressure on the toe box is a major cause of bunions.

If you suffer from a painful bunion, it’s important to find the best treatment for your needs. Talk with bunion clinic in Adelaide about your options today. We can provide a thorough exam, weight-bearing x-rays and other diagnostic tests to see if you’re a candidate for minimally invasive bunion surgery. Call us or request an appointment online to get started.


Changing your footwear to shoes that fit and don’t place pressure on the big toe can significantly reduce bunion pain. Shoes that are open-toed or wide around the toes provide more space, as do shoe inserts called orthotics. Your podiatrist may recommend these over-the-counter or custom-made orthotic shoe inserts, which help to control movement and support the foot to shift pressure away from the 1st metatarsal pad (ball of the big toe) and lessen the severity of bunions.

Your doctor may also recommend wearing a bunion correction Adelaide, which is a splint that straightens the big toe while you wear it. This can relieve pain but does not remove the bump. Ice packs can numb the area and reduce pain, as can nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as aspirin or ibuprofen). Whirlpool, ultrasound, and massage therapy can ease discomfort as well.

In severe cases, or if nonsurgical treatments haven’t provided relief, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the bunion and realign the toe. The procedure is called bunionectomy, and it involves cutting, removing, or altering portions of the bone, ligaments, and tendons to relieve pressure on the big toe joint. Your doctor may use local anesthesia, a regional anesthesia (a popliteal block), or general anesthesia. An anesthesiologist will stay with you throughout the surgery to administer additional medications, if needed, and ensure that you are comfortable.

Physical Therapy

Bunion pain often starts at the critical metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, where the big toe joins the rest of the foot. This joint helps us bear and distribute weight and allows our feet to move in many different ways. When a bunion develops, the MTP joint shifts to accommodate it and becomes misshapen. This shift causes the big toe to point more toward other toes, and it puts stress on the joints and tissues around the toe. Over time, this imbalanced load can cause the MTP joint to swell and make it painful and difficult to walk.

If you try wide shoes, toe spacers, splints, and other treatments and still have pain, your doctor may recommend a surgical correction procedure. During surgery, your doctor cuts the bones in the area of the bunion to realign the joint and reduce the bump. He or she may also insert pins or screws to keep the bones straight, and he or she might shave off or remove excess bone tissue.

Following the procedure, you’ll need to remain non-weight bearing for a period of weeks to allow the bones to heal. Your doctor will probably apply a dressing and/or a cast to maintain the correct bone position, and you might use crutches or a knee-walker. Once the bones have healed, your doctor will let you start walking again in a pair of soft leather oxford shoes that best protect the new joint.


The bunion is a painful condition caused by instability in the big toe joint. As the big toe shifts out of alignment, it causes pain from uneven weight-bearing and friction from footwear. This imbalanced pressure can also lead to an inflamed bursa (fluid-filled sac located around a joint) that causes more pain and swelling.

Bunion surgery is an option to reduce pain and correct the deformity of your big toe. Your foot and ankle surgeon will examine your feet and decide on the right surgical procedure for you.

There are several types of bunion surgery. The simplest is an osteotomy, which involves surgically cutting and realigning your big toe bone. This is performed in a hospital setting and may require you to stay off your foot for many weeks.

Another type of surgery is called a lapidoplasty, which involves placing a plate on the front part of your foot to hold the bones in place. This is a less invasive surgery than an osteotomy, but it may not correct the shape of your foot.

Medications can help minimize pain and swelling. Your doctor may prescribe over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, or recommend cortisone injections to treat the inflamed bursa. Pads to protect the area and separate your toes from rubbing can also reduce pain. You may also benefit from specialized shoe inserts, such as orthotics, that are specially made for your foot or custom-made by your podiatric surgeon.

Find Your Perfect Fit: Choosing the Right Custom Orthotics for You

If you suffer from foot pain, you may need to get custom orthotics for your feet. They cost more than over-the-counter insoles but can provide much more relief and support for your feet.

When shopping for shoes, be sure to take your orthotics with you and walk around in the shoes you plan on buying. They will need to fit with the shoe style you wear most often.

How to Measure Your Feet

The process of buying the right shoes can be frustrating if you don’t know how to measure your feet properly. The good news is that it’s not difficult to do, and it only takes a few minutes.

Start by tracing your foot on a blank sheet of paper while standing upright, with a slight bend in the knees for the most accurate measurement. It’s a good idea to have someone help you for this part so that you can get the most accurate measurements possible. Next, use the shoe size conversion charts on this page to convert your tracings to a shoe size. Finally, be sure to check the width of your feet by measuring across the widest point on each foot.

You may also want to make a note of the length of your foot, from the heel to the tip of the longest toe. This is especially important if you plan to wear your orthotics with any footwear that doesn’t have enough space for them.

Keep in mind that your feet can swell throughout the day, so it’s best to measure them at the end of the day when they are likely at their largest. Once you’ve figured out your shoe size, be sure to take into account the fact that some brands have different sizing charts than others.

What Type of Orthotics You Need

Orthotics are shoe inserts that are worn inside of shoes to help alleviate problems with the way you stand, walk or run. They can also be used to relieve foot pain from conditions such as diabetes, plantar fasciitis and arthritis.

There are several types of orthotics on the market that you can buy without a prescription. They typically come in gel, plastic or foam and can be chosen based on your shoe size or the type of foot problem you have (e.g. heel pain, arch pain). They may also be tailored to a specific sport or activity.

If you’re looking for more than an over-the-counter option, podiatrist in Albany, WA can help you to get a prescription for custom orthotics. They’re usually made from a mold of your feet and provide more support than over-the-counter options.

Custom orthotics are more expensive than over-the-counter shoe inserts, but they can be covered by your health insurance plan if you have a doctor’s prescription. They can also be purchased with money from a Flexible Spending Account (FSA) or Health Reimbursement Arrangement (HRA).

If you’re not sure what type of orthotics you need, schedule a call to chat with us! We can tell you if custom orthotics are right for you, and create a care plan that will help you get back to doing all the things you love.

Finding the Right Orthotics for You

Orthotic shoe inserts can help prevent physical pain, improve balance and posture and reduce bunions, calluses and corns. They are expensive though and typically not covered by health insurance, so it’s important to get the right pair for you.

Custom orthotics Albany are mass-produced to fit the ‘average’ foot and may not be the best for your feet. They may also worsen your condition by increasing pressure on the foot, ankle, knee or back. Investing in custom orthotics from a podiatrist or non-surgical foot specialist provides you with a medical evaluation and a proper fitting. They are also a better option for those who require a high level of rigidity and support or have specific foot conditions like flat feet or a high arch.

The type of material used in the construction of orthotics is another factor to consider. Plastics like polyolefins and elastomers are a common choice as they are rigid enough to control injury-producing foot motion, yet flexible and comfortable for use in shoes. Soft materials like neoprene and open- and closed-cell foam are also commonly used to provide cushioning and add comfort.

How to Fit Orthotics

Orthotics are prescription medical devices that can be a great investment for your foot health. They come with the medical evaluation, custom fit, and quality materials that are designed to last. They are more expensive than over-the-counter shoe inserts but many insurance plans cover the cost of orthotics.

It is important to follow your doctor’s break-in program for orthotics. Your feet will take time to adjust to the new “foot posture”. The new orthotics may feel uncomfortable or even painful at first. This is normal and should not persist for more than three weeks. If you experience discomfort beyond this point, call your physician or visit a podiatrist for an adjustment to the orthotics.

You should only use your orthotics in shoes that have enough volume for the additional foot support. Most athletic shoes have room for an orthotic but dress shoes and hiking boots typically do not. If you need to wear your orthotics in a shoe that is not a good fit, trim the soft top cover of the orthotics with scissors at the “toe end” to reduce wrinkling. This can be done in clinic at Firefly or at home using a template from your old shoe inserts or footbed.

When attempting to remove the orthotics from your shoes, you should be careful not to pull on the soft top cover or you could ruin the molded arch support. The best way to remove your orthotics is to place them in front of a chair with the back of the heel resting on the seat. Then carefully slide your foot in between the back of the heel support and the seat

How Osteopathy Can Help Improve Circulation

Your body’s circulation is responsible for directing life-supporting blood throughout your entire system 24 hours a day. When your circulation is not working properly, a number of problems can occur.

Osteopathy is a manual therapy that uses gentle manipulation to facilitate your body’s natural ability to self-regulate and self-heal. Manipulation transferred through the musculoskeletal system can enhance immune function and improve circulation.


Osteo Watsonia use a variety of hands-on techniques to reduce pain, improve joint movement and encourage blood flow. They use gentle manipulation and stretching along with soft tissue massage to release tension in the muscles, increase joint flexibility and boost your overall health and wellbeing.

Osteopathic treatment is non-invasive, so there are no risks associated with osteopathic treatment. However, as with all treatments, you may experience some soreness or stiffness following your session. This is common, and it should resolve shortly after your appointment.

Your osteopath will begin by taking an in-depth history of your symptoms, focusing on the areas that are causing you discomfort. They will then carry out a physical examination of the area(s) in question, including palpating your muscles and joints to feel for tightness or restriction. They may also ask you to move in certain ways to assess your mobility and range of motion.

A treatment plan will then be developed based on your individual needs, and this will include osteopathic manipulations of the muscles and joints, as well as soft tissues. In addition to boosting circulation, this will help to relieve muscle tension and improve the function of the circulatory system, digestive system and lymphatic drainage systems. By reducing stress and anxiety, osteopathic treatment can also help to alleviate symptoms of conditions such as depression, headaches and insomnia.


Osteopathy focuses on the body as a whole and is based on the philosophy that if one part of your musculoskeletal system is not functioning properly, then it affects every other part. This is why an ankle injury may lead to knee or hip pain and back problems. The founder of osteopathic medicine, Andrew Taylor Still, studied the attributes of good health in order to better understand disease and founded osteopathic techniques that aimed to restore normal musculoskeletal function, TriHealth explains.

Your ligaments attach bones to other bones and hold your muscles, tendons and other soft tissue together. When your bones move out of alignment, they create tension on the ligaments and inhibit proper movement. Osteopaths manipulate the joints in your body to bring them back into alignment, reducing stress on the ligaments and encouraging blood flow to the area, which helps them resume their normal, pain-free functions.

A common treatment for neck and upper back pain is osteopathic manipulation of the spinal column. This repositions the spine, improving its ability to function, and can also help with breathing, especially if you spend a lot of time hunched over a desk at work. Osteopaths can also use their hands on the ribcage to encourage the diaphragm to breathe freely. This is called the strain-counterstrain technique and can be helpful for asthmatics, infants with colic and pregnant women with lower back and pelvic pain.


Every joint in your body is connected by muscles and ligaments. Keeping these muscles healthy and strong is crucial to the health of your joints, bones, and overall wellbeing. Osteopathy is a form of manual therapy that uses gentle manipulations to help improve muscle and joint health. It can also boost circulation through the blood flow to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments, allowing them to receive nutrients and oxygen.

Everyone has their own specific muscle ailments and osteopathy treatment will be tailored to your needs. However, a general osteopathic treatment uses techniques such as palpatory diagnosis and manipulation of the musculoskeletal system to release muscle tension and restore balance and function.

Osteopathy can also help to relieve stress and tension, which is known to elevate blood pressure levels. It can also promote relaxation, reduce pain and improve posture – all of which can help to lower blood pressure naturally.

Another important way osteopathy can help improve circulation is through gentle manipulation of the vagus nerve. This can balance the autonomic nervous system, which slows the heart rate and helps with digestion. It also boosts the immune system to help fight infection and heal tissues. It can also reduce back and neck pain, headaches, and fatigue and enhances overall wellbeing and mood. This can even help with sleep problems, which is common in people who suffer from chronic pain.


Osteopaths use gentle manipulation and mobilisation of the muscles, soft tissues and joints. This is sometimes called osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) but they may also use other techniques, including percussion and stretching. They do this while you are standing, seated or lying down. You may hear a sound during a manipulation but this is not your bones cracking or popping into place, it is caused by the release of gases bubbles in the synovial fluid that surrounds the joints.

Ostopaths are trained to assess the musculoskeletal system, including the nerves, blood vessels and lymphatic system. This enables them to identify and address imbalances, which improves the flow of oxygen and nutrients throughout your body. This can help to restore your posture, ease aches and pains and alleviate neurological, respiratory and digestive issues.

The lymphatic system consists of small, thin vessels (lymph capillaries) that take up fluid from the tissue and larger ones that contain one-way valves to prevent backflow of the fluid. Lymph vessels then transport the fluid to the lymph nodes, which are located in our armpits and groin.

If your lymphatic system is not working well, you might experience a variety of symptoms, such as post-injury swelling that doesn’t resolve, swollen glands, a feeling of heaviness in the arms or legs, persistent thrush, recurrent infections and a general feeling of being unwell. By using a variety of lymphatic drainage techniques, osteopaths can help to optimise the function of your lymphatic system.

How Osteopathy Can Help Improve Circulation

Osteo Watsonia focus on the structure of the body as well as its function. They use manual ‘hands on’ techniques to improve circulation by releasing any blockages and improving joint movement.

This can help to reduce inflammation and boost overall health and wellbeing. The fluids of the body carry life-sustaining compounds including hormones, enzymes and their secretions, neural impulses, nutrition and dissolved gases.



Inflammation in your joints can impact your circulation, causing fluids to pool and restricting the movement of blood. Osteopathy aims to remove the build-up of fluids, restore alignment and improve the mobility of your joints.

Osteopathy uses a gentle manipulation of the joints to increase their mobility and reduce pain. This increases the flow of blood around your joints and the rest of your body, allowing oxygen to reach all areas more effectively and eliminate waste products.

Joint aches and pains are often the result of poor posture, injury, and age-related wear and tear. Over time this can cause imbalances that lead to inflammation, limiting your range of motion and ultimately leading to more serious problems.

Osteopaths use a variety of techniques to ease your aches and pains, including low-velocity thrusts and soft tissue manipulation. By treating your body as a whole, your osteopath can assess your needs and devise a treatment strategy to best help you.

Osteopathy promotes relaxation, which in turn can reduce stress levels and improve sleep patterns. It can also support your digestion, improving your energy levels by ensuring that you are absorbing the nutrients that you need to stay healthy and energetic. Gentle manipulation of the vagus nerve (which connects your brain to your digestive and cardiovascular systems) can also balance your autonomic nervous system, slowing your heart rate and promoting better digestion.


The muscle tissue of your body is a major contributor to your circulation. Osteopathic techniques can help your muscles to be balanced and able to receive the nutrients they require to work effectively. This helps with breathing, movement, and also with blood flow and lymphatic drainage.

Pregnancy and the birthing process, whatever way you go through it, puts a huge amount of strain on your body. This can cause areas to become misaligned, especially in the hips, pelvis and lower back. This in turn can cause problems with other joints such as the knees or shoulders. It can also affect the respiratory diaphragm. Breathing can become strained and inefficient when the muscles around the diaphragm are not functioning properly. Osteopaths use a technique called Muscle Energy Technique to treat these imbalances and improve your breathing.

A key principle of osteopathy is that all parts of the body are connected and that a dysfunction in one part can have an impact on every other area of the body. If a joint, muscle or other tissue becomes restricted it can create restrictions in the surrounding structures that then limit circulatory, lymphatic and nervous system function.

These restricted areas may have developed through injury, bad posture, a sedentary lifestyle or as a result of a traumatic event. Over time these can build up and lead to pain, numbness or swelling. Osteopathy is a great way to address these issues and allow your body to heal itself and reduce your risk of developing serious health problems.

Lymphatic System

As well as ensuring that proper energy is distributed throughout the body, osteopaths also use techniques to enhance lymphatic drainage. This is important as the lymphatic system is responsible for filtering out waste products, fighting infection and boosting immunity. Poor lymphatic flow can cause fluid accumulation, swollen glands (lymphoedema) and a feeling of heaviness in the arms or legs. Osteopathy can address the root causes of lymphatic drainage problems, resulting in a more healthy and energetic system.

A lymphatic system is a network of vessels and organ tissue (like lymph nodes, the thymus and the spleen) that is designed to work with the immune system and carry components of the immune system like white blood cells around the body. Osteopaths have long used techniques that promote this natural process of the lymphatic system.

Using manual manipulation and mobilisation, osteopaths encourage lymphatic flow in the limbs and other primary areas of the body. This encourages the lymphatic system to shift the accumulated fluid toward the heart and larger organs for processing. This assists in preventing stagnation of the lymphatic system and can improve the efficiency of cell regeneration and metabolism. Osteopaths also treat the spinal transitional zones (cervicothoracic, thoracolumbar and lumbosacral) to restore the physiologic biomechanical motion of these important structures that can influence lymphatic function; treat myofascial restrictions in affected lymphatic drainage pathways; decongest regional lymph nodes and enhance the movement of excessive fluid in any affected peripheral regions of the body.

Vagus Nerve

In addition to improving circulation, osteopathic treatment can also help with respiratory problems and digestion. It can also enhance the immune system. This is due to releasing tension in the body.

Osteopathy is a holistic form of therapy that involves manual manipulation of the soft tissues and hard structures. This releases tension and restrictions, which improves the function of these structures and systems. It’s known for promoting general wellness and can be used as a compliment to other medical treatments.

Good circulation is responsible for directing life-supporting blood throughout the body 24 hours a day. It’s what allows your heart to pump, brain to function and muscles to move. However, it’s not uncommon for this process to get impeded by twists, curves or pulls that develop in the body due to structural imbalances, posture, accidents, surgery, injury and stress.

These impediments can cause a variety of issues, from pain to poor health. For example, poor circulation can lead to heart rhythm disorders such as arrhythmia and tachycardia. Osteopathy can help by balancing the autonomic nervous system through gentle manipulation of the vagus nerve. This slows the body’s stress response, aids digestion and lowers the heart rate. It can also relieve tense and knotted muscles that cause stress headaches. The result is a balanced, healthy, functional body that’s more resilient to recurrent infections and chronic diseases.

Podiatry With Pilates for Approach to Foot Health and Core Strength

Foot health is often overlooked despite it being a window into your body. Discrepancies in the feet are often the cause of imbalances throughout the body.

HCPC registered podiatrist with extensive experience in both NHS and private practice specialising in musculoskeletal, nail surgery and high risk podiatry.

1. Foot Stability

The feet are dynamic structures made up of lots of bones – 26 to be precise -and more than 100 muscles, ligaments and tendons. They need to be flexible in order to adapt to the different surfaces we walk on, as well as being strong and stable in order to support our bodies weight. The foot has a number of intrinsic muscles that are designed to stabilise the arch but these can become deconditioned over time leading to abnormal foot movement patterns and in some cases pain in the feet, ankles, knees, hips and lower back.

Pilates is a great exercise to help improve foot stability. Since it is performed barefoot, the feet are stimulated and the subtle muscles that support the arches are strengthened. Joseph Pilates recognised this value and included many exercises involving the feet on his original repertoire of apparatus. He also created two specific pieces of equipment – the Foot Corrector and Toe Tens meter – to tone and strengthen the feet.

If you are not able to attend pilates Balwyn North classes, there are plenty of things you can do at home. Start by spending a few minutes a day rolling out your feet on a mat or carpet with a Yoga Tune-Up ball, tennis ball or Franklin Method ball. Try sliding your fingers between the toes and fanning them out. Adding this to your daily routine can improve foot strength, balance and flexibility.

2. Core Strength

A strong core is the foundation of whole body health. It affects stability, balance and posture and allows us to perform activities like bending over or twisting. Having adequate core strength can make the difference between feeling discomfort, stiffness or restriction in daily tasks and being able to do them easily without thinking about it.

Joseph Pilates created his method of exercise as a means to strengthen his frail and sickly body. He self-educated in anatomy, boxing, yoga, and martial arts before serving as a nurse-physiotherapist for nonambulatory patients during World War I. He took bed springs and rigged them to hospital beds, creating resistance-type equipment for rehabilitation. He later designed two pieces of apparatus that are the benchmarks of every Pilates studio today, the reformer and the trapeze table (or Cadillac).

Each of the exercises in the Pilates system is initiated with stabilization of the torso to prevent asymmetrical movement patterns. Each movement pattern involves the coordination of multiple muscles requiring active recruitment and proper alignment. This method of muscle conditioning promotes a concept called regional interdependency in which weaker muscles are facilitated by the stronger ones in a given movement pattern.

Podiatry Balwyn North use the principals of Pilates to help patients develop stronger core muscles that can take pressure off the feet and ankles. This is particularly important in a case where foot and ankle problems are caused by structural issues or poor posture that lead to stressors and excessive loading in certain areas of the feet causing painful calluses or cracking/warping of the feet.

3. Postural Strength

Muscle Joint Bone use Pilates principals in their assessment of foot and lower limb problems to ensure that the feet, core, legs and pelvis are all working together as efficiently as possible. This is to prevent imbalances and overload in particular areas that may cause pain or discomfort elsewhere in the body. For example, a poor posture or muscle imbalance can predispose the feet to develop calluses and corns through excessive friction or overload in certain positions. This often results in compensatory movement patterns or guarding in other areas of the body such as the neck and shoulders that can contribute to headaches.

This is why Clinical Pilates is so important – it strengthens the core, pelvic floor and back muscles that can help to improve posture in the long term. This also helps to reduce neck and shoulder pain.

One study showed that a Pilates training program increases thoracic spine mobility, stretches tight muscles and improves balance in older adults. The results of the m-CTSIB (a balance test performed on an uneven surface with eyes closed) indicated that the experimental group achieved significantly better values than the control group after three months of Pilates training.

Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet parallel and hip-width apart. Inhale to lift one leg into table top position. Hold for five counts and then exhale to return the leg to the mat.

4. Mobility

Having strong muscles that move the feet and ankles through their full range of movement is essential for preventing foot and lower limb injuries. The Pilates method creates a repertoire of over 500 exercises to improve flexibility, alignment and core strength while working the body as unified system. Adding a little extra challenge with equipment such as the Trapeze table, Grasping the Ball, Sternum Drops and more helps to build muscle endurance and improve dynamic balance while keeping the joints in their correct alignment.

Musculoskeletal podiatry includes the non-surgical diagnosis and treatment of muscle, tendon, ligament and bone disorders of the foot and ankle using physical therapy protocols/modalities and prescription foot orthoses. Podiatrists also have a significant role to play in prevention of injury, deformity, pain and dysfunction of the feet by promoting healthy foot habits, footwear advice and exercise.

When a health condition like diabetes or arthritis causes damage to your feet or ankles, you need the right support to get back on your feet as quickly and safely as possible. OU Health podiatrists work with a multidisciplinary team including limb preservation specialists to ensure you get the right care for your specific health issue and optimal recovery. Whether it’s a sprained ankle or a complex foot reconstruction, our specialists will help you recover and get back to your normal life activities.

How Many Types of Physiotherapy Are There?

Physiotherapy is a therapy that helps people who have a medical condition. The therapist will help the patient to regain their strength, function, and movement. The therapist will also help the patient to relieve their pain. The therapist may use exercises, massages, and other techniques to help the patient. Physio in Ashfield can help people who have conditions such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and cerebral palsy. It can also help people who have injuries such as back pain and whiplash. Physiotherapy can also help people who want to prevent injuries.

There are many types of physiotherapy, and they all help to either reduce pain or improve movement. The most common types of physiotherapy are:

  • Manual therapy: This therapy is a type of physical therapy that uses hands-on techniques to relieve pain and improve movement. The therapist will use their hands to massage, stretch, and knead the muscles and connective tissues. Manual therapy can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including back pain, neck pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and headaches. Research has shown that manual therapy can be an effective treatment for back pain treatments in Haberfield and other chronic pain conditions. In one study, patients who received manual therapy reported a significant reduction in pain and an increase in mobility. If you are suffering from chronic pain, consider making an appointment with a physical therapist who specializes in manual therapy.


  • Exercise therapy: This type of physiotherapy uses electrical stimulation to help reduce pain and improve movement. The stimulations are delivered through electrodes placed on the skin, and they work by stimulating the muscles and nerves. Exercise therapy has been shown to be effective for a variety of conditions, including neck pain, back pain, arthritis, and fibromyalgia. It is also safe and well tolerated by most people. If you are considering exercise therapy for your chronic pain, be sure to discuss it with your healthcare provider first.


  • Electrical stimulation: This type of physiotherapy treatment uses electrical impulses to help reduce pain and improve movement. Electrical stimulation has been found to be effective for a variety of conditions, including arthritis, chronic pain, and nerve damage. The electrical impulses help to stimulate the nervous system, which can help to reduce pain signals and improve muscle function. Electrical stimulation is usually done with a device that is placed on the skin. The electrical impulses are then sent through the skin to the underlying tissues. Electrical stimulation is usually done on a regular basis, and the number of sessions will vary depending on the condition being treated.

If you’re looking for relief from your pain, physiotherapy may be the right solution for you. However, it’s important to note that not all physiotherapy treatments are created equal – each person’s individual needs will determine which type or combination of types of physiotherapy will be most effective. That’s why it’s so important to consult with a qualified physiotherapist who can create a treatment plan tailored specifically for you. To find out more about how physiotherapy could help you, please visit here. We look forward to hearing from you soon!