Types of Orthotics

Orthotics is a unique medical specialty which focuses on the development and application of orthotics. An orthotic is “a flexible orthotic device used to manipulate the structure and function of the skeletal and neuromuscular system”. An orthotic is often called a orthopaedic device because it is used to correct problems with the musculoskeletal system. They can help with knee pain Springwood.

Orthotics was first clinically described by George Goodheart, MD, in 1924. Since then, orthotics have been developed and improved significantly. There are many types of orthotics, including orthotics for walking, locomotion, curing of malformations and posture, and rehabilitation. Orthotics can be custom designed for each patient and used during any stage of physical therapy or rehabilitation. Some orthotics are considered to be only prosthetics while others are also used to help maintain an ideal weight and improve muscle strength. Patients can use orthotics to address problems that cause discomfort during everyday activities such as walking, standing, or sitting.

Problems such as bunions, hammertoes, calluses, corns and calluses, hammertoe, and foot pain are common among adults and can be fixed at Podiatry Penrith. An orthotic can reduce pain from these conditions, and sometimes surgery is required to fix severe problems. Foot discomfort is sometimes caused by aging, but more commonly it occurs when the feet are overworked and worn. New technology has made it possible for older people to enjoy comfortable footwear even if their feet are limited due to arthritis, diabetes, or foot injury.

 

There are many reasons why people wear orthotics. Some orthotic manufacturers have designed devices that are very useful for patients suffering from diabetic foot ulcers. These devices reduce foot ulcers due to an increased sensitivity. Specially formulated insoles also have been designed for people with arthritis. Many orthotists prescribe their patients a combination of both removable and fixed orthotics depending on how the patient’s feet respond to treatment. People with foot deformities, especially foot injuries, who cannot wear fixed orthotics due to risk of deformity, can use adjustable orthotics.

 

Some patients choose to wear orthotics in their lower limbs, especially those affected by diabetes, obesity, or poor posture. Orthotic insoles can be used for diabetic shoes, diabetic sports shoes, or orthotics used in rehabilitation. Orthotic supports can also help counter problems related to posture such as lordosis, or being off-balanced. It can also help correct deformities, such as an uneven lower limb length.

 

Shoe inserts are another source of orthotics. These are custom fit orthotics that you will add inside your shoes. The insert is specially molded to fit your foot structure to provide maximum comfort and orthopedic support. Most shoe inserts are made to accommodate both curved and straight shafts to provide orthopedic benefits to those with foot deformities and other musculoskeletal issues.