Podiatry is a branch of allied health devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity. Podiatrists are specifically trained to identify and treat biomechanical issues that will inevitably lead to injury or decreased performance.
The human foot has 26 bones, 33 joints plus numerous muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels and nerves. It is an extremely complex and well-designed structure that for most of the time functions normally. However an injury to any of these structures can quickly become very debilitating and affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. As a foot and lower leg specialist, a sports podiatrist Melbourne can accurately diagnose the cause of the pain and find the underlying cause. This provides a more comprehensive approach that reduces the likelihood of the injury reoccurring while maintaining mobility and independence.
Podiatrists treat foot problems in a variety of ways. They offer treatments for hammertoes, bunion pain, cracked skin, ingrown toenails, and other common foot issues. They also recommend footwear and orthotics for patients with specific problems, such as heel pain and arch pain. These professionals are trained to diagnose and treat these ailments. Moreover, they provide advice on footwear and other related issues.
After taking a complete medical history and performing some basic tests, a podiatrist may prescribe orthotics Melbourne or shoe inserts to reduce foot pain. The orthotics will help redistribute pressure away from the ball of the foot. The doctor may also prescribe stretching exercises to help the patient recover faster from foot or ankle pain. A patient should visit a podiatrist if the pain persists for more than a few days.
The core of podiatry treatment is callus reduction, which reduces pain and improves functional ability in a small group of older adults. Other treatments include orthotics and physical therapy. These services provide patients with emotional support and maintain good foot health. Clinical research priorities in podiatry include determining whether these treatments are effective. Researchers should use outcome measures to measure effectiveness of treatment. For example, a study by Dr. Axel and her team has concluded that callus reduction is effective at reducing pain and improving functional ability in a group of older adults with high arches.
Podiatry treatment can help relieve pain caused by stress fractures, arthritis, and other foot conditions. Often, pain in the heel is a symptom of plantar fasciitis. Various treatment options, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, orthotic shoe inserts, or surgery, can alleviate the pain. To identify the underlying cause of the pain, a Podiatric assessment is necessary. A Podiatrist can prescribe a proper footwear or an exercise program.
An accurate podiatry assessment will determine the most appropriate treatment plan for each individual patient to get you back on your feet to return to the activities you love.